Doha is the capital city of the state of Qatar, an Arab emirate occupying a small Peninsula in the southwest of the Persian Gulf.
Ruled by the house of Al-Thani since it's founding in 1878 Qatar gained independence in 1971.
Doha developed from a quiet fishing and pearl diving harbour to a major exporter of LNG (Liquified Natural Gas).
Qatar's focus is also on international sport events. After hosting championships in athletics and tennis tournaments, Qatar is going for the worldcup.